Muscular Dysmorphic Disorder: A Dingy Side in Bodybuilding!

It can be assumed by the many success stories of bodybuilding , their relative popularity and the numerous benefits to be gained from their practice, which is largely incompatible. This really seems to be the case with most bodybuilders claiming to have improved their health, confidence, and insight into life through bodybuilding. However, there is a dark side that gives rise to distorted perceptions of muscularity.

As with any activity, obsession can lead to an ugly head and turn a bodybuilder's quest for physical excellence into a daily struggle for muscle at all costs.

What is the origin of distorted perceptions of muscularity?

A pathological concern with increasing musculature can develop and generate narcissistic implications to the point of making a large ego seem like a desirable acquisition. But that depends on the goals. It is more reasonable to say that if health and social ties are compromised by another 4 pounds of muscle, there must be some quite misleading thinking in play. The coach who will probably never win a national title should take a reasonable approach to gaining mass ; with a view to being the best they can be through hard work and a balanced lifestyle. So it comes down to realistic goals, determined by fate and logical thinking.

Sacrificing everything including health and sanitation can be an option for a small group of people. For others, a reasonable approach, which will be explained later, is probably the best.

Bodybuilding taken to extremes, with the incessant use of drugs and obsessive vision, can, at the lower end of the scale, cause some relatively minor health problems and perhaps some separate ties. In the extreme, death and serious mental problems can occur. In fact, bodybuilding has developed a negative reputation and this notion of obsessive thinking about bodybuilding is better encapsulated in the actions and thought processes of those with muscle dysmorphic disorder (MDD). It, the obsessive pursuit of muscle size, is considered the opposite of anorexia nervosa, a pathological concern with weight loss .

People with MDD tend to feel small and underdeveloped, even when there is enough evidence to suggest otherwise. They can then exercise compulsively and take drugs that improve performance to correct this perceived deficit. Muscle dysmorphia can also impair social and occupational functioning, causing subjective disturbances.

MDD: Who is at risk and how common is it?

MDD affects both male and female bodybuilders and weight enthusiasts. Since the culturally defined image of a man is more closely associated with muscle size, while the ideal for a woman is the small, thin-type model physique, it is suspected that MDD is more prevalent among the male community. However, there are no statistics to prove this. One of them is diagnosed with MDD when it is shown that its repercussions significantly affect life in a negative way. Prior to MDD, a similar diagnosis was given to people who suffered from any other perceived physical defect.

Body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) was the name given to these people. However, with the popularity of bodybuilding came the importance of muscle gain and the emergence of MDD (a subgroup of BDD). It is suggested that in many respects the two disorders are very similar. An international team of researchers conducted a study and found that 24 men with MDD had prominent pathology . A dysmorphic modification of the body of the Yale-Brown Compassionate Obsessive Scale, used by researchers, reported that 50% of these men spent three hours a day thinking about their musculature.

In addition, 58% reported moderate or severe circumvention of activities, places and people because of their perceived defect, and 54 reported little or no control over their compulsive weight and diet regimens. The researchers said:

"It appears that the disorder produces substantial morbidity along with inappropriate behaviors such as the abuse of anabolic steroids and therefore may have important implications for public health."

Posted on June 28, 2018 at 07:25 PM